Directory of Trees

River Birch (Betula nigra)

River Birch

River Birch

This very handsome native specimen tree is most loved for its exfoliating bark. The river birch has creamy-white bark which begins to peel within the first few years after planting. Nice when planted in groups of three - offers light shade, privacy and the sound of wind rustling through the leaves.

Size: 40 to 60 feet high and 30 to 40 feet wide

Shape: Upright, most often multi-stemmed

Fall Color: Yellow

Rate of Growth: Medium to fast (30 to 40\' over 20 year period)

Other Attributes: More heat and borer resistant than other birches. Some salt tolerance.

Growing Conditions: Plant in full sun to partial shade in average moist, well-drained soil. Adaptable to wet soil. Water during periods of drought.

Other / Related Varieties:

Dura-Heat Birch (Betula nigra 'Dura-Heat')- Glossy, dark olive green leaves, leaves smaller than species; good yellow fall color; somewhat smaller than 'Heritage'. Creamy white bark exfoliates early. Very heat and cold tolerant.

Heritage Birch (Betula nigra 'Heritage')- Larger, very glossy dark green leaves; bark begins to exfoliate on 1-2" diameter stems, revealing a creamy white color; cold and heat tolerant.

Prices vary according to size, variety, and availability.

Please Note: Trees cannot be shipped outside of the DC/Baltimore Metropolitan areas. Tree prices and sizes are subject to change.


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